Tuesday, September 1, 2009

Old Babylonian

The city of Babylon achieve hegemony in Mesopotamia in the sixth ruler, Hammurabi (fl. ca. 1728-1686 BC (short)). It 'been a very effective leadership of the bureaucracy, taxes and the central government in shape, and stability in the region after the period of turbulence, which became the central power in Mesopotamia. One of the most important works of this "first dynasty of Babylon," as historians called him the origin, has been the creation of one law. Order did this of Hammurabi, after the expulsion of the Elamites and the settlement of his kingdom. In 1901, a copy of the Code of Hammurabi, in a wake of J. Morgan V. Scheil at Susa, where it was discovered later sacked. These copies is in the Louvre.

Beliefs, the king of Babylon, as the representative of Marduk, and the city of Babylon as a "holy city" where all the leaders of Mesopotamia would be crowned.

The Babylonians, like their predecessors, participate in regular exchanges with the city-states to the west, officials Babylon or peacekeeping troops, sometimes in Syria and Canaan, Amorites and traders operating throughout Mesopotamia. The trails of West Babylon monarchy has remained strong for sometime. An Amorite named Abi-Ramu or Abraham, the father saw a letter from the reign of Hammurabi's grandfather, Ammi-Ditan, great grandson of Hammurabi, still called himself "king of the land of the Amorites." Ammi, father and son are Ditan Canaanite name: Abi-Eshuh and Ammisaduqa.The armies of Babylon were disciplined and conquered the city-states of Isin, Eshnunna, Uruk, and the kingdom of Mari. Mesopotamia, but had no limits, acceptable natural, making them vulnerable to attack. Trade and culture to flourish for almost 150 years until the reign of 15 years in the first dynasty, Ammisaduqa Ditan Samsu-child. It 'been thrown after the sack of Babylon, the Hittite and Babylonian king gave me the Mursili Extruded Samsu-iltina, that the conflicts in its 6th year.
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